Table 3 Number of participants and person years; and deaths from all causes, cardiovascular disease, ischaemic heart disease, stroke, lung cancer or other smoking-related cancer, number and per 100 000 person years, by sex and smoking category*
Sustained never smokers“Starters”Sustained ex-smokers“Resumers”Sustained smokers“Quitters”
Men (n = 23 560)
Participants (n)6246123383878710 3802186
Number of person years144 668273588 80517 662227 11450 570
All causes:
    Deaths725155961393133394
    Deaths per 100 000 person years5015496717871379779
Cardiovascular disease:
    Deaths2496198601233154
    Deaths per 100 000 person years172219223340543305
Ischaemic heart disease:
    Deaths159612840855101
    Deaths per 100 000 person years110219144226376200
Stroke:
    Deaths41043716829
    Deaths per 100 000 person years28048407457
Lung cancer:
    Deaths9021738818
    Deaths per 100 000 person years60244017136
Other smoking-related cancer:
    Deaths71245928336
    Deaths per 100 000 person years4973515112571
Women (n = 25 122)
Number of participants12 076210195771388031363
Number of person years287 545495245 96116 385203 51932 238
All causes:
    Deaths104319158631554157
    Deaths per 100 000 person years363384344384764487
Cardiovascular disease:
    Deaths2117271844634
    Deaths per 100 000 person years7314159110219105
Ischaemic heart disease:
    Deaths101211823221
    Deaths per 100 000 person years3540244911465
Stroke:
    Deaths642871238
    Deaths per 100 000 person years224017436025
Lung cancer:
    Deaths150332166
    Deaths per 100 000 person years5071810619
Other smoking-related cancer:
    Deaths107113614412
    Deaths per 100 000 person years372028377137
  • *Participants not reporting cardiovascular disease, diabetes or treatment for hypertension, or symptoms of angina pectoris or atherosclerosis obliterans at the last examination.