Table 3

Average number of cigarettes smoked per day at baseline and follow-up, by baseline sociodemographic characteristics and smoking-related variables

BaselineFollow-upPercentage changen
Cohort respondents at waves 1 and 2
Marital status
Education level
 Primary graduate or less8.25.8−29.2%**242
 Secondary graduate6.24.5−27.2%**247
 High school graduate or more6.74.5−33.3%**225
Employment status
 Unemployed or inactive6.74.3−35.5%**237
Monthly household income
 Low ($0 to $3000 pesos)6.44.7−26.9%**185
 Medium ($3001 to $5000 pesos)6.24.1−34.6%**205
 High ($5001 pesos or more)8.05.9−26.8%**267
Smoking status§
 Heavy smoker12.37.4−39.3%**372
 Light smoker2.82.92.1%356
Made serious quit attempt in the previous year
Plan to quit
 Within the next month/next 6 months5.74.0−30.7%**118
 Beyond 6 months/not planning to quit7.25.0−30.1%**561
Only cohort respondents who continued smoking at wave 2
Smoking status
 Heavy smoker12.28.2−33.0%**336
 Light smoker2.93.624.8%*299
  • t Tests: *p<0.05, **p<0.01.

  • Survey-adjusted averages include 0 consumption for those who quit smoking at wave 2 (data only for the 728 of those followed-up who reported consumption at both waves; of whom 93 reported having been quit for at least a month before wave 2).

  • Inactive means retired or on a pension, student, or home duties.

  • § Heavy smoker: consumption above the median of five cigarettes per day at wave 1.

  • Survey-adjusted averages exclude those who had quit smoking at wave 2.