Table 2

Psychosocial determinants of successful smoking cessation

VariableNo of smokers2-150Successful cessation (%)Univariate OR95% CIMultivariate 2-151 OR95% CI
Environmental factors
Social group2-152
 III36518.20.60.4–0.90.7 0.4–1.2
 IV43111.40.40.2–0.60.4 0.2–0.7
 V2759.10.30.2–0.50.4 0.2–0.8
Unemployed last year
Feel busy
Economic problems
 No108615.91.30.8–2.01.4 0.6–2.3
Spouse smokes
 No46923.72.61.8–3.52.3 1.5–3.5
 No spouse/cohabitant22710.61.00.6–1.60.8 0.4–1.7
Smokers among children, parents, siblings, other family, friends, colleagues
0 or 125822.511
 235117.40.70.5–1.11.1 0.6–1.6
 ⩾347111.90.50.3–0.70.7 0.4–1.2
Personal factors
 Women59712.90.70.5–0.90.7 0.4–1.0
Age (years)
Personal problems
Knowledge of diseases associated with smoking
Believe it is healthy to stop smoking
 No82515.51.00.7–1.41.1 0.7–1.6
Stage of change (motivation to stop)
 Precontemplation (did not wish
 or try to quit)
 Contemplation (wished or tried
 to quit)
82217.31.5 1.1––3.1
Health attitude/own effort2-153
 Some importance43416.61.1 0.8–1.51.2 0.8–1.7
 No importance659.20.5 0.2––1.1
  • 2-150 Number may vary because of missing data.

  • OR = odds ratios; CI = confidence intervals.

  • 2-151 All the covariates in the table were included in the model.

  • 2-152 The participants were classified into five social strata, with I as the highest and V as the lowest (see text for definitions).

  • 2-153 Subjects were asked how important they believe their own effort is for staying healthy.