Table 1

Characteristics of male Vietnamese respondents to the Tobacco Use Survey, Massachusetts, 1994

Characteristicn% of totalSmokers (%)p
Age (years)
18–2922428.937.20.001
 30–3921127.355.5
 40–4917823.042.7
 50–5910914.135.8
 ⩾60526.736.5
Time in United States (years)
<1455.842.20.5
 1–215720.338.5
 3–515219.646.1
 6–1016120.847.8
 >1025933.541.7
Part of Vietnam raised in
North central364.736.10.001
 North coastal202.630.0
 South central46860.842.8
 South coastal12115.759.5
 Middle12516.234.3
Father’s smoking status
Ever smoked35550.249.0<0.01
 Never smoked35249.838.9
Mother’s smoking status
Ever smoked415.648.90.52
 Never smoked69594.443.6
English spoken
Very well334.324.20.01
 Well28136.438.4
 Not well40952.947.6
 Not at all506.548.0
Educational achievement
Less than 9th grade15320.259.9<0.001
 Some high school16421.641.5
 Graduated high school20126.543.3
 Some college13617.937.5
 BA level degree7610.031.6
 Above BA level degree283.714.3
Health insurance
Medicaid22930.844.7<0.01
 Medicare91.244.4
 Private28137.839.5
 Other9813.232.3
 None12617.056.4
Depression score (4 = no symptoms)
434244.338.10.001
 5–625833.442.6
 77910.248.1
 ⩾89312.059.1
Escaped from Vietnam
Yes48162.847.40.003
 No28537.236.5
Exercised in past 30 days
Yes36947.834.7<0.001
 No40352.250.9