Table 1

Characteristics of adults (aged 18+ years) who are ‘dual users’ of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco, exclusively cigarette smokers and exclusively smokeless tobacco users (ConsumerStyles 2008, USA)

CharacteristicDual users* (n=79)Cigarette only smokers (n=1622)Smokeless tobacco only users (n=127)
Weighted %95% CIWeighted %95% CIWeighted %95% CI
Overall1.10.9 to 1.517.817.2 to 18.91.61.3 to 2.0
Sex
 Men80.570.2 to 90.847.243.7 to 50.797.394.8 to 99.9
 Women19.59.2 to 29.852.849.3 to 56.32.70.1 to 5.2
Age
 18–24 years34.514.5 to 54.416.412.1 to 20.713.20.0 to 31.6
 25–34 years29.315.6 to 43.020.217.7 to 22.823.713.1 to 34.3
 35–44 years15.27.3 to 23.020.718.4 to 23.0231.220.5 to 41.9
 45–54 years14.77.5 to 21.821.319.2 to 23.419.812.2 to 27.3
 55+ years6.41.0 to 11.921.419.1 to 23.712.16.0 to 18.2
Race
 White75.761.1 to 90.469.866.3 to 73.287.280.4 to 94.0
 Black11.10.0 to 25.311.49.1 to 13.76.91.4 to 12.4
 Hispanic8.52.6 to 14.313.610.7 to 16.51.40.0 to 3.3
 Other4.60.9 to 8.35.23.6 to 6.94.51.1 to 7.9
Region
 Northeast18.95.3 to 32.615.913.4 to 18.411.55.3 to 17.8
 Midwest29.913.3 to 46.432.128.5 to 35.742.027.0 to 57.0
 South38.121.7 to 54.535.031.8 to 38.236.624.9 to 48.3
 West13.14.4 to 21.817.014.7 to 19.39.94.6 to 15.2
Annual household income
 <US$15K25.97.7 to 44.219.016.4 to 21.65.21.7 to 8.7
 US$15K–US$24.9K17.35.7 to 28.915.512.9 to 18.111.24.2 to 18.2
 US$25K–US$39.9K19.77.2 to 32.121.518.2 to 24.928.912.1 to 45.7
 US$40K–US$59.9K15.01.8 to 28.216.614.2 to 19.121.112.1 to 30.1
 ≥US$60K22.111.9 to 32.327.324.6 to 30.133.622.7 to 44.6
Use smokeless tobacco when cannot smoke
 Yes67.750.9 to 84.4NANA
 No32.315.6 to 49.1NANA
Believe smokeless tobacco is more/less harmful than cigarettes
 More harmful than cigarettes6.20.0 to 13.316.914.3 to 19.42.30.1 to 4.4
 As harmful as cigarettes63.648.7 to 78.548.144.6 to 51.638.125.7 to 50.5
 Less harmful than cigarettes7.51.7 to 13.32.11.3 to 3.045.230.5 to 59.8
 Do not know22.710.4 to 34.932.929.7 to 36.114.56.5 to 22.4
Believe smokeless tobacco helps to quit smoking
 No75.161.2 to 88.997.496.4 to 98.473.656.7 to 90.5
 Yes24.911.1 to 38.82.61.6 to 3.526.49.5 to 43.3
Plan to quit tobacco use*
 Never42.326.0 to 58.626.323.3 to 29.432.421.4 to 43.4
 Will quit in the next month2.20.0 to 4.814.311.8 to 16.87.32.2 to 12.5
 Will quit in the next 6 months17.85.3 to 30.422.018.9 to 25.29.54.2 to 14.7
 Will quit in the next year37.620.2 to 55.037.334.0 to 40.750.836.9 to 64.6
  • * Dual users are respondents who said they have smoked 100 cigarettes in their lifetime, currently smoke cigarettes every day or some days, and have also used chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus in the past 30 days.

  • Cigarette smokers are respondents who said they have smoked 100 cigarettes in their lifetime, currently smoke every day or some days but do not have not used smokeless tobacco in the past 30 days.

  • Smokeless tobacco users are respondents who said they have used chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus in the past 30 days, but are not current smokers.