Table 2

Estimates of smoking-related expenditures as a percentage of total personal health expenditures, United States

AuthorsYear of estimateEstimated smoking-related expenditures ($ billion)% of Personal health expenditures
Luce and Schweitzer6 1976 8.2 7.8
Office of Technology Assessment13 198521.6 6.0
Rice, Hodgson, Sinsheimer, et al 20 198423.3 6.8
Bartlett, Miller, Rice, et al 22 199350 7.1
Miller, Zhang, Rice, et al 23 199372.711.8
Miller, Ernst, and Collin24 199353.4 6.52-150
  • 2-150 This is the overall weighted average smoking-attributable fraction of expenditures.