Table 4

Studies reporting the particulate matter to airborne nicotine relationship (ratio) in indoor environments

LocationSampling method and time frameNSlopeReference
16 US cities, personal exposurePM (RSP) and nicotine: active; collected together149810.9 131
New York State, USA, homesPM (RSP): activeNicotine: passive, colocated: 1 week479.8* 35
USA, railroadsPM (RSP): activeNicotine: active, collected together, 2 days3068.6 84
Norway, hospitality venuesPM (airborne dust) and nicotine: active, stationary, sampled in parallel487.1 132
Metro Boston, USAPM2.5: activeNicotine: passive, collected together, 2 days, only during public access579.1 82
USA, truck cabsPM2.5 and nicotine: active; sampling times comparable165.2 133
Weighted slope 1972 10.3
  • All PM and air nicotine measurements were reported in units of μm/m3. Studies that used log transformed data or differing time frames for PM and nicotine were excluded.

  • * Reported slope represents only residences with reported cigarette consumption. All residence (N=96) slope=10.8.

  • Reported slope excludes two largest points. Authors also present slope representing all data points, slope=14.8.

  • Nicotine collected using stand alone filter. Authors also collected nicotine inline after PM collection, slope using inline =5.5.

  • PM, particulate matter; RSP, respirable suspended particles.