Table 2B

Overview of evaluation approach and reported outcomes of statewide comprehensive tobacco control programmes to 1999 (part 2)

California Massachusetts Arizona Oregon Florida
Per capita consumptionSignificant decline compared with baseline consumption and by comparison with rest of USA and greater than expected from price increase alone.40 41 49-51 Significant decline during 1993-96 compared with baseline period of 1990-92 and for rest of USA, greater than expected for price increase alone.60 Decline of 5.4% in 1995 after adjustment for stockpiling of lower priced cigarettes–due to price increase only, since programme did not start until 1996.66 Significant decline compared with baseline consumption and by comparison with rest of USA.70 Unknown.
Adult prevalenceRate of decline exceeded that of rest of USA from 1989 to 1993, but was less than for rest of USA in 1993-96.39 Relative decline of 9% from 3 years before programme to first 3 years of programme, which was greater than 3% decline for rest of USA.60 Change data not yet reported.Relative decline of 6.4% to 21.9% in 1998, but no national comparison.69 Change data not yet reported.
Teen smokingWithin state surveys show no change in 12–17 year old prevalence from 1990-93 and increase from 1993-96, and increase in non-smoker susceptibility41 Among 8th and 10th graders, relative increase in smoking prevalence from 1993 to 1996 was less than other US states.52 Relative increase in 30 day prevalence less than for rest of US for 8th and 10th graders from 1993 to 199657 Relative increase for 9th to 12th graders less than for rest of US from 1993-9762Relative decline in lifetime use for 8th graders compared to increase for rest of USA.57 Change data not yet reported.Among 8th and 11th graders, same as national trends for first two years of campaign.69 From February 1998 to 1999, relative declines in 30 day prevalence for middle and high school students79 were greater than national trends.79 81