Table 1

Total cigarette consumption, cigarette consumption of domestic and imported brands, and per capita cigarette consumption from 1981 to 2007 in South Korea

YearTotal consumption (million)Variation (%)Domestic cigarette consumption (million)Variation (%)Imported cigarette consumption (million)Variation (%)Per capita consumption (number of cigarettes)Variation (%)Key event
198173 1121888
198273 9861.21882−0.3
198374 7511.01873−0.5
198476 5752.418951.2
198577 5571.319010.3
198678 3031.019000.0Limited market liberalisation with import quotas
198781 7124.419643.4
198887 3296.91873−4.6Completed market liberalisation
198992 1335.618951.2
199095 4753.691 2743.94201−0.819010.3
199198 2352.993 3232.2491216.919000.0
1992101 4383.395 9602.8547811.519643.4
1993105 3373.898 3842.5695326.9240522.5
199496 140−8.787 581−11.0855923.12163−10.1First cigarette tax increase (120 won per pack)
199597 3481.384 877−3.112 47145.722303.1The National Health Promotion Act was enacted
1996102 7385.591 2997.611 439−8.323425.0Cigarette tax increase (164 won per pack)
199799 668−3.088 069−3.511 5991.42271−3.0Cigarette tax increase (two won per pack)
1998106 5506.9101 28915.05261−54.623031.4
199995 670−10.089 457−11.7621318.12052−10.9
2000104 94510.095 0766.3986958.8
200198 917−5.783 416−12.315 50157.1Cigarette tax increase (121 won per pack)
200291 956−7.072 486−13.119 47025.6Cigarette tax increase (158 won per pack)
200396 9255.474 3862.622 54015.8
2004106 51110.082 30510.724 2077.4
200582 322−22.760 072−17.022 250−8.1Cigarette tax increase (409 won per pack)
200687 7246.662 5874.225 13713.0
200791 8554.763 5821.628 27312.5
  • Source: Kim83 and Ann84.

  • Cigarette consumption describes official trade figures.

  • The decrease of consumption in 1998 was due to Asian economic crisis which led to significant outflows of foreign capital.

  • 1000 won=US$1.