Table 4

Factors associated with supporting a total ban on tobacco sales within 10 years from 2012†

Crude OR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)‡
Sex
 Male11
 Female1.40 (1.11 to 1.76)**1.12 (0.83 to 1.52)
Age (years)
 18–2411
 25–440.79 (0.53 to 1.19)1.06 (0.67 to 1.67)
 45–641.04 (0.72 to 1.49)0.94 (0.59 to 1.51)
 65+1.56 (0.98 to 2.48)0.86 (0.43 to 1.74)
 Trend for age (4 groups)1.19 (1.05 to 1.36)**0.95 (0.84 to 1.53)
Education
 Primary or below11
 Secondary education0.89 (0.67 to 1.19)0.86 (0.58 to 1.26)
 Tertiary education0.47 (0.34 to 0.64)***0.41 (0.26 to 0.65)***
 Trend for education (3 groups)0.68 (0.58 to 0.79)***0.62 (0.49 to 0.79)***
Employment status
 Employed11
 Unemployed/unable to work1.18 (0.68 to 2.05)1.09 (0.52 to 2.31)
 Homemaker/student1.99 (1.45 to 2.72)***1.07 (0.71 to 1.59)
 Retired2.14 (1.53 to 2.99)***1.79 (1.08 to 2.96)*
Household monthly income
 <$10 00011
 $10 000-$19 9990.64 (0.43 to 0.95)*0.76 (0.48 to 1.19)
 $20 000-$29 9990.65 (0.43 to 0.99)*0.76(0.46 to 1.24)
 $30 000-$39 9990.60 (0.37 to 0.94)*0.81 (0.48 to 1.24)
 $40 000+0.42 (0.28 to 0.63)***0.67 (0.40 to 1.12)
 Trend for income (5 groups)0.84 (0.77 to 0.91)***0.94 (0.84 to 1.05)
Smoking status
 Never smoker11
 Ex-smoker0.62 (0.42 to 0.92)*0.45 (0.28 to 0.73)**
 Current smoker0.34 (0.24 to 0.48)***0.28 (0.18 to 0.44)***
Second hand smoke exposure
 No11
 Yes1.23 (0.94 to 1.60)1.66 (1.20 to 2.30)**
Chronic diseases
 None11
 Any1.34 (1.04 to 1.75)*0.97 (0.71 to 1.32)
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.001, ***p<0.001.

  • †Reference group included people who did not support a total ban on tobacco sales, excluding people who supported a ban after 10 years or did not know when.

  • ‡Adjusting for sex, age, education, employment, income, smoking, second hand smoke exposure, and chronic diseases.