Table 3

US adult smokers (in thousands) in the pre-crisis (2005–2007) and post-crisis (2009–2010) periods, overall and by employment status. BRFSS, 2005–2007, 2009–2010

FactorEmployment statusTotal
Pre-crisis (2005–2007)
 Population (thousands)*137 47311 11629 82110 15636 043224 609
 Smoking prevalence (%)20.7434.8722.5015.3010.5919.8
 Number of smokers (thousands)28 507387767081554381844 464
Post-crisis (2009–2010)
 Population (thousands)*133 62520 11730 88111 32537 948233 896
 Smoking prevalence (%)16.8632.5921.8713.219.6117.52
 Number of smokers (thousands)22 529655367571495364440 978
Difference (thousands)†−5978267749−59−174−3485
Due to change in Population
 Expected (due to demographic change in population; A)1187161274641581844
 Unexpected (due to the economic crisis; B)2032310049118421278
Due to change in smoking prevalence
 Expected‡ (due to pre-crisis secular trend; C1)32132461082881373501
 Expected§ (due to change in sociodemographic characteristics; C2)227592851371352450
 Unexpected (due to the economic crisis; D)3557398289102657
Due to the economic crisis (B+D; thousands)−16762362−3229−60621
  • *Average population aged ≥18 years over the period. The distribution of population by employment status was derived by the distribution within the BRFSS sample in the specific period.

  • †Difference in number of smokers among the two periods.

  • ‡Expected estimates taking into account the employment status-specific smoking prevalence trends observed during the period 2005–2007.

  • §Estimated under the assumption that the sex-specific, age-specific, race/ethnicity-specific, education-specific and marital status-specific subjects have the same prevalence rates of the corresponding categories in the general adult population observed over the period 2005–2007 (pre-crisis).