Table 5

Sensitive analyses of secondhand smoke (SHS)-attributable healthcare costs among non-smokers in rural China, 2011

SHS-related diseaseFrom NRHSFrom sensitivity analysis 1From sensitivity analysis 2From sensitivity analysis 3
Cost attributable to SHS exposure ($ million)Cost attributable to SHS exposure ($ million)Cost attributable to SHS exposure ($ million)Using the relative risk (95% CI) for US populationCost attributable to SHS exposure ($ million)Using published disease rates for the Chinese population (%)Cost attributable to SHS exposure ($ million)
Lower bound of RRUpper bound of RRFemaleMale
Outpatient
 Asthma42.911.768.41.97 (1.19 to 3.25)101.97 (1.19 to 3.25)1042.90.161944.6
 Breast cancer40.2068.81.68 (1.31 to 2.15)6NA44.00.2120281.3
 Heart disease423.6266.5581.01.50 (1.04 to 1.60)51.50 (1.04 to 1.60)5790.10.7719108.1
 Lung cancer1.70.72.61.29 (1.04 to 1.60)61.29 (1.04 to 1.60)63.50.04212.3
 TB50.61.297.82.33 (1.97 to 2.75)192.33 (1.97 to 2.75)1994.80.082225.7
 Subtotal559.0280.1818.6 975.3462.0
Inpatient
 Asthma43.411.173.31.97 (1.19, 3.25)101.97 (1.19 to 3.25)1043.40.1619111.1
 Breast cancer0.0001.68 (1.31 to 2.15)6NA0.00.21200.0
 Heart disease458.7279.9637.71.50 (1.04 to 1.60)51.50 (1.04 to 1.60)5867.60.7719447.5
 Lung cancer0.0001.29 (1.04 to 1.60)61.29 (1.04 to 1.60)60.00.04210.0
 TB110.32.6210.92.33 (1.97 to 2.75)182.33 (1.97 to 2.75)18204.50.0822200.8
 Subtotal612.4293.5921.9 1115.5759.3
Total1171.4573.61740.0 2090.81221.4
  • NA, not applicable; NRHS, National Rural Household Survey; RR, relative risk; TB, tuberculosis.