Table 4

ORs and 95% CIs for complete versus non-complete home-smoking bans, according to the strength of the implementation of tobacco control policies at a national level, using the median split of the 2010 TCS score and its six components

TCS component [range]Country code top-level domainOR (95% CI)* for complete vs. non complete home-smoking ban
TCS total [0–100]
 Weak implementation (<45)AT, BG, CZ, GR, HU, LV, PL, PT1.0
 Strong implementation (≥45)ES, FI, FR, IE, IT, RO, SE, UK2.28 (1.20–4.32)
TCS price [0–30]
 Weak implementation (<17)AT, CZ, ES, GR, HU, IT, PL1.0
 Strong implementation (≥17)BG, FI, FR, IE, LV, PT, RO, SE, UK2.00 (1.01–3.98)
TCS public place bans [0–22]
 Weak implementation (<14)AT, BG, CZ, GR, HU, PL, PT, RO1.0
 Strong implementation (≥14)ES, FI, FR, IE, IT, LV, SE, UK2.37 (1.27–4.43)
TCS public information campaign spending [0–15]
 Weak implementation (<1)AT, BG, CZ, GR, HU, IT, LV, PL, PT, RO1.0
 Strong implementation (≥1)ES, FI, FR, IE, SE, UK2.62 (1.41–4.85)
TCS advertising bans [0–13]
 Weak implementation (<9)AT, CZ, GR, HU, IT, PT, RO1.0
 Strong implementation (≥9)BG, ES, FI, FR, IE, LV, PL, SE, UK1.78 (0.87–3.65)
TCS health warnings [0–10]
 Weak implementation (<2)AT, BG, CZ, ES, FR, GR, HU, IT, PL, PT, SE1.0
 Strong implementation (≥2)FI, IE, LV, RO, UK2.16 (1.03–4.51)
TCS treatment [0–10]
 Weak implementation (<5)AT, BG, CZ, ES, FI, GR, LV1.0
 Strong implementation (≥5)FR, HU, IE, IT, PL, PT, RO, SE, UK1.04 (0.48–2.28)
  • PPACTE, 2010.

  • *ORs were estimated using multilevel logistic regression models, after adjustment for sex, age, level of education, and smoking status, and considering country as random effect in order to take into account clustering within countries. Estimates were weighted for statistical weights that consider country-specific adult population.

  • PPACTE, Policy And Control of Tobacco in Europe; TCS, Tobacco Control Scale.