Table 1

Location and magnitude of the brain response to graphic warning labels compared to control images

Regions*HemBA†Size‡p Valuez-MAX§
Inferior occipital gyrusL1921 8074.37 E-425.97−45−71−5
Inferior frontal gyrusL47482715
Inferior frontal gyrusR4731818
UncusL3824638
UncusR20, 31371227
Parahippocampal gyrusL19, 35, 36, 37243012
Parahippocampal gyrusR28, 35, 36232711
HippocampusL331319
HippocampusR29919
AmygdalaL26719
AmygdalaR27619
PrecuneusL3155828
PrecuneusR30, 3125512
CuneusL17, 18, 19, 30,11817
CuneusR17, 188817
Lingual gyrusL18, 1911754
Lingual gyrusR18, 1916684
Fusiform gyrusL19, 37437411
Fusiform gyrusR19447110
PutamenL2666
Superior temporal gyrusL22, 38, 41, 13,584315
Superior temporal gyrusR22, 38, 39391624
Middle temporal gyrusL20, 21, 37,54317
Middle temporal gyrusR21, 3752572
Inferior temporal gyrusL19, 2049573
Substania nigraL141913
Substania nigraR101912
CulmenL394625
CulmenR354023
Declive (cerebellum)L377615
Precentral gyrusL4, 65520.01563.7852746
CerebellumL4810.03294.1116731
UvulaL16732
NoduleR15033
Cerebellar tonsilL35233
FastigiumR65822
  • *z>2.3 cluster corrected at p<0.05. Bold font—global peaks of activation, regular font italics—local peaks.

  • †Brodmann area.

  • ‡Number of voxels.

  • §z-MAX values represent peak activation for the cluster.

  • ¶Talairach (1988) coordinates.