Table 2

Mean (SE in parentheses) for willingness to smoke in relation to level of e-cigarette use among adolescent non-smokers

Frequency of use (number of cases)
Never1–2 times3–4 timesYearly/MonthlyWeekly/Daily
  • Adjusted means based on 16 covariates including demographics, parenting, competence and personality. Higher levels of e-cigarette use are collapsed in cells for yearly/monthly use and weekly/daily use so as to increase power for pairwise comparisons. Cells with a common subscript do not differ significantly (p>0.05) in pairwise comparisons with Tukey-Kramer adjustment.

  • **** indicates p<0.0001.