Table 1

Warning label policies, fieldwork periods, sample sizes and follow-up rates per country

Introduction of warning label policyBaseline surveyFollow-up surveyMonths between pictorial warning labels were obliged for factory-made cigarettes and start of follow-up survey (N)*Smokers at the baseline survey (N)Continuing smokers participating in both surveys (N)
France
Text warning labels implemented in September 2003, pictorial warning labels implemented between April 2010 and April 2012September 2008 –December 2008
(wave 2)
September 2012 –December 2012
(wave 3)
171540861
UK
Text warning labels implemented in February 2003, pictorial warning labels implemented between October 2008 and September 2010September 2007 –February 2008
(wave 6)
July 2010–December 2010
(wave 8)
91643751
Germany
Text warning labels implemented in October 2003July 2007 –November 2007
(wave 1)
September 2011 –October 2011
(wave 3)
1515496
The Netherlands
Text warning labels implemented in June 2002April 2008
(wave 1)
May 2011 –June 2011
(wave 5)
1668755
Total63662863
  • *France and the UK both had a 2-year phase-in period of the pictorial warning labels in which factory-made cigarettes were obligated to carry pictorial warning labels after 1 year and roll-your-own tobacco after 2 years.