Table 1

Reported changes in past year cigarette smoking among young adult smokers by tobacco product use, National Young Adult Health Survey, 2011 (n=909)

MaintainedRemained quitQuitDaily to somedaySomeday to dailyRelapsed or initiatedp Value*
Per cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CI
Overall50.1(45.4 to 54.8)23.0(19.3 to 27.1)8.2(5.8 to 11.4)5.8(3.0 to 8.2)5.0(4.2 to 8.0)8.0(5.9 to 10.6)
Sex
 Male50.9(44.5 to 57.3)20.9(16.0 to 26.7)7.6(4.5 to 12.6)7.3(4.1 to 12.7)5.6(3.5 to 9.0)7.7(5.4 to 11.0)
 Female49.2(42.3 to 56.1)25.5(20.1 to 31.6)8.9(5.7 to 13.5)2.3(0.8 to 6.0)6.0(3.9 to 9.3)8.2(5.1 to 12.9)0.370
Age group, years
 18–2049.4(37.2 to 61.7)5.6(2.3 to 13.0)12.1(6.4 to 21.5)4.1(1.8 to 9.1)12.5(7.0 to 21.5)16.3(9.4 to 26.9)
 21–2454.2(44.3 to 63.8)16.3(10.5 to 24.2)4.4(2.4 to 8.1)11.0(4.7 to 23.5)6.3(3.3 to 11.8)7.9(4.5 to 13.5)
 25–2952.1(44.5 to 59.6)21.1(16.4 to 26.8)10.8(6.2 to 18.0)4.8(2.2 to 7.7)4.2(2.2 to 7.7)7.0(3.8 to 12.7)
 30–3445.8(37.3 to 54.6)33.4(25.6 to 42.3)7.1(3.6 to 13.5)1.7(0.7 to 3.9)5.3(2.7 to 10.2)6.7(3.9 to 11.5)<0.0001
Race/ethnicity
 White, NH47.4(41.6 to 53.2)28.6(23.5 to 34.3)9.1(6.0 to 13.4)4.4(2.6 to 7.2)4.2(2.7 to 6.4)6.5(4.2 to 9.7)
 Black, NH52.4(37.5 to 66.8)12.3(4.8 to 28.3)6.4(3.0 to 13.2)1.8(0.3 to 8.9)13.2(6.6 to 24.8)14.0(6.9 to 26.3)
 Hispanic/Latino53.9(40.8 to 66.5)11.9(7.0 to 19.7)6.0(1.7 to 19.2)11.2(3.8 to 28.7)6.2(2.6 to 13.7)10.8(5.5 to 20.1)
 Other, NH57.1(44.3 to 69.0)18.6(10.7 to 30.2)6.9(2.4 to 18.2)2.0(0.7 to 5.6)8.4(3.2 to 20.4)7.2(3.2 to 15.4)0.027
Tobacco product use
 Menthol45.7(38.0 to 53.6)19.0(13.9 to 25.6)9.8(5.6 to 16.5)5.8(2.4 to 13.5)8.3(5.2 to 13.1)11.4 (2.4 to 13.5)
 Non-menthol52.9(47.1 to 58.6)25.5(20.7 to 31.0)7.2(4.7 to 10.8)4.5(2.6 to 7.7)4.2(2.7 to 6.5)5.7 (2.6 to 7.7)0.047
 Ever e-cigarette51.0(45.9 to 56.0)21.9(18.1 to 26.3)8.2(5.7 to 11.7)5.5(3.3 to 9.1)6.0(4.3 to 8.4)7.4 (3.3 to 9.1)
 Never e-cigarette43.7(31.7 to 56.6)30.6(20.4 to 43.0)8.2(3.3 to 18.7)1.6(0.4 to 5.8)4.3(1.3 to 13.6)11.7 (0.4 to 5.8)0.192
 Current OTP58.3(49.0 to 67.0)10.6(7.1 to 15.4)5.0(2.4 to 10.3)8.1(3.1 to 19.6)7.2(3.9 to 12.8)10.9 (3.1 to 19.6)
 No OTP47.5(42.1 to 53.0)27.2(22.5 to 32.4)9.3(6.4 to 13.4)3.8(2.2 to 6.4)5.2(3.5 to 7.6)7.0 (2.2 to 6.4)<0.0001
  • *p Value from χ2 tests of independence between groups.

  • OTP, other tobacco products (cigars, smokeless tobacco and/or hookah/water pipes); NH, non-Hispanic.