Table 1

Reliability statistics for candidate STARS items

ItemDescriptionκICCCitations
Place
 7Store type0.89–1.024, 29, 30
 9Presence of pharmacy counter1.046
 10Availability of alcohol0.76–0.79 (by brand)47
 17WIC/SNAP accepted0.8648
Product availability
 12aCigarettes0.97–1.023, 27, 29, 30
 12bMenthol cigarettes0.7930
 13aCigarillos/little cigars0.61–1.029, 30, 31
 13bFlavoured little cigars/cigarillos0.91–0.9430
Flavoured cigars0.6131
 14aCigars0.5730
 15aChew, moist/dry stuff, dip or snus0.54–1.029, 30, 31
 16aE-cigarettes0.59–1.029, 30, 31
Promotion/placement
 6a–fExterior tobacco ads (counts)0.57–0.9929, 30
Exterior cigarette ads (counts)0.8230, 31
Exterior moist snuff or snus ads (counts)0.43–0.9030
 12e–f
13–16h
Any price promotions0.41–0.6929, 31
 12c
13–16e
Tobacco product near candy0.10–0.2725, 31
 12d
13–16f
Tobacco ad below 3.5 feet0.41–0.7825, 29, 30
Cigarette ad below 3.5 feet0.8130
Moist snuff or snus ad below 3.5 feet0.69–0.8830
 13gSelf-service displays for cigarillos/little cigars0.73–0.7430
Price
 18bCheapest pack0.94–1.030, 49
 19bNewport menthol hard pack cigarettes0.87–1.029, 30, 31
 20bBlu menthol disposable e-cigarette0.8849
  • Cell entries are Cohen's κ or intraclass correlation coefficients. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Programme for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) provides federal grants to states for supplemental foods, healthcare referrals and nutrition education for low-income pregnant, breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding postpartum women, and to infants and children up to age 5 who are found to be at nutritional risk. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programme (SNAP) offers nutrition assistance to millions of eligible, low-income individuals and families and provides economic benefits to communities. Reliability for this item was obtained in combination with the presence of other signage.

  • ICC, intraclass correlation coefficients; STARS, Standardized Tobacco Assessment for Retail Settings.