Table 1

The range of HMF and FA aerosol concentrations per puff in ECIG, tobacco cigarette and water pipe

ECIGCIGWPSReferences
Sugar content (% by mass)0.03–1.910.21–22.0950–70This study57–59
HMF (µg/puff)0.07–19.10.0–1114.1–364.3This study81 82
FA (µg/puff)0.01–2.60.0–2.90.2–2.3This study57 81 82
  • ECIG, electronic cigarette; FA, furfural; HMF, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural.