Table 1

Sample characteristics and tobacco-related variables among bar patrons aged 18–30 years: 2013

CharacteristicsTotal sample
n (%)
3089 (100)
Phantom smokers
n (%)
966 (43.30)
Smokers
n (%)
1265 (56.70)
p Value*
Demographics
Age, M (SD)23.70 (1.80)23.63 (1.80)23.67 (1.80)0.5809
Education
 No college760 (24.68)155 (17.00)354 (29.26)<0.0001
 In college1347 (43.73)404 (44.30)540 (44.63)
 College graduate973 (31.59)353 (38.71)316 (26.12)
Race/ethnicity
 White1535 (49.90)469 (51.54)602 (49.75)0.457
 African-American168 (5.46)41 (4.51)73 (6.03)
 Other442 (14.37)133 (14.62)176 (14.55)
 Hispanic931 (30.27)267 (29.34)359 (29.67)
Sexual orientation
 Heterosexual2559 (83.17)764 (83.86)1007 (83.36)0.757
Sex
 Female1277 (41.50)405 (44.36)448 (37.18)0.0008
Tobacco and alcohol use
Past 30 days, days smoked, M (SD)14.39 (12.00)7.00 (8.30)20.28 (11.30)<0.0001
Based on what you have seen, how many people your age smoke? M (SD)52.14 (22.50)47.87 (22.10)57.26 (21.80)<0.0001
Self-identified social smoker1552 (−74.29)701 (79.21)828 (70.59)<0.0001
Past 30 days, days binged on alcohol, M (SD)8.71 (8.70)7.73 (8.10)9.54 (9.20)<0.0001
When out at a bar, how frequently do you smoke cigarettes while drinking alcohol? M (SD)3.07 (1.00)2.49 (0.90)3.55 (0.70)<0.0001
I feel guilty when I smoke, M (SD)2.38 (1.30)2.72 (1.30)2.12 (1.20)<0.0001
I keep my tobacco smoking secret from most people, M (SD)2.59 (1.60)2.70 (1.30)2.11 (1.20)<0.0001
Nicotine dependent614 (26.40)35 (7.45)374 (32.52)<0.0001
During the past 12 months, have you stopped smoking tobacco for 1 day or longer because you were trying to quit?1161 (41.84)261 (34.34)549 (46.64)<0.0001
  • *p Value for pairwise comparisons of phantom smokers and smokers using t tests and χ2.