Table 4

Association between retailer characteristics and in-store breaches*

OR for having one or more breaches (vs zero breaches)
CharacteristicOne or more breaches*
n (%)
Zero breaches*
n (%)
Crude ORAdjusted OR†
All392 (22.5)1347 (77.5)
Listing with Retailer Notification Scheme
 Listed328 (21.0)1237 (79.0)Ref.Ref.
 Unlisted64 (36.8)110 (63.2)2.24 (1.53 to 3.28)2.42 (1.62 to 3.61)
p Value<0.001<0.001
Retailer type
 Supermarket29 (17.5)137 (82.5)Ref.Ref.
 General grocery store15 (32.6)31 (67.4)2.30 (1.02 to 5.18)1.98 (0.86 to 4.58)
 Convenience store95 (27.6)249 (72.4)1.91 (1.22 to 3.01)2.12 (1.31 to 3.43)
 Petrol/service station39 (15.5)213 (84.5)0.84 (0.51 to 1.39)0.92 (0.55 to 1.53)
 Newsagent40 (23.4)131 (76.6)1.53 (0.93 to 2.54)1.68 (1.00 to 2.84)
 Alcohol-licensed premises110 (18.5)484 (81.5)1.14 (0.72 to 1.80)1.20 (0.75 to 1.93)
 Tobacconist32 (39.5)49 (60.5)2.90 (1.41 to 5.96)3.12 (1.50 to 6.50)
 Other/not specified32 (37.6)53 (62.4)2.88 (1.73 to 4.81)3.06 (1.76 to 5.32)
p Value<0.001<0.001
Remoteness of postal area
 Major cities of Australia283 (21.9)1011 (78.1)Ref.Ref.
 Inner regional Australia84 (26.3)236 (73.8)1.03 (0.62 to 1.71)1.33 (0.81 to 2.18)
 Outer regional and remote Australia25 (20.0)100 (80.0)0.87 (0.49 to 1.56)1.01 (0.56 to 1.85)
p Value0.8900.514
SES of postal area
 Lowest SES67 (28.4)169 (71.6)Ref.Ref.
 284 (26.7)231 (73.3)0.83 (0.46 to 1.50)1.26 (0.68 to 2.33)
 372 (21.6)262 (78.4)0.73 (0.40 to 1.35)0.88 (0.47 to 1.65)
 4105 (19.2)442 (80.8)0.55 (0.35 to 0.88)0.61 (0.35 to 1.06)
 Highest SES64 (20.8)243 (79.2)0.68 (0.41 to 1.16)0.63 (0.35 to 1.13)
p Value0.0840.040
p-Trend0.0430.020
Percentage of postal area population <18 years
 0 to <1685 (24.1)268 (75.9)Ref.Ref.
 16 to <22112 (19.0)479 (81.0)0.76 (0.49 to 1.17)0.73 (0.51 to 1.03)
 22 to <25105 (26.9)286 (73.1)1.03 (0.65 to 1.65)1.48 (0.94 to 2.33)
 25+90 (22.3)314 (77.7)1.01 (0.65 to 1.58)1.13 (0.72 to 1.79)
p Value0.4370.013
p-Trend0.3960.084
Percentage of postal area population born in Australia
 0 to <60143 (24.0)454 (76.0)Ref.Ref.
 60 to <7064 (25.4)188 (74.6)1.08 (0.69 to 1.71)1.06 (0.69 to 1.63)
 70 to <90125 (20.7)480 (79.3)0.66 (0.44 to 1.00)0.56 (0.36 to 0.88)
 90+60 (21.1)225 (78.9)0.92 (0.54 to 1.58)0.46 (0.26 to 0.83)
p Value0.1070.013
p-Trend0.2280.006
  • *Includes breaches of POS display ban and other in-store requirements such as those relating to warning signs and price boards.

  • †Adjusted for retailer type, remoteness of postal area, SES of postal area, % of postal area population less than 18 years, % of postal area population born in Australia and listed/unlisted status.

  • SES, socioeconomic status.