Table 3

Logical fallacies used in the ‘Agree-Disagree’ campaign

Logical fallacyExplanation
False dilemma Occurs when an argument is limited to consider only two alternatives when other alternatives may also be available.13
Fallacy of equivocation Use of an equivocal term in an argument that, depending on context, has two different meanings.14
Slippery slope An argument of the form “If we let X happen, we will end up experiencing Y”, where X is innocuous and Y is undesirable and we have no good evidence for the causal claim that X is very likely to lead to Y.13
Straw man Occurs when an opponent's position is misrepresented so as to make their argument appear implausible and more easily refuted.14