Table 2

The effects of nations reaching the highest level for MPOWER policies*

CountryYear of meeting highest levelIncome statusSmoking rate males (%)Smoking rate females (%)Total (male and female) number of smokers affectedLong-term effect size (%)Reduction in the smoking-attributable deaths
Barbados2010HIC14.21.617 778−5.3384.92
Burkina Faso2010LIC23.611.11 567 539−0.64167
Chad2010LIC17.42.9554 625−0.81793
Colombia2010MIC19.57.44 360 121−8.3148 442
Greece2010HIC48.235.13 827 004−3.351 315
Guatemala2010MIC23.93.41 140 209−2.210 054
Honduras2010MIC24.82.3697 460−4.212 119
Libya2010MIC32.01.5759 198−2.47352
Malta2010HIC34.620.995 293−0.8310
Namibia2010MIC20.95.3185 720−6.04586
Nauru2010LIC49.756.03302−5.270
Pakistan2010LIC32.45.723 486 870−0.435 014
Panama2010MIC17.33.7259 975−8.59100
Peru2010MIC23.37.33 158 190−7.091 250
Seychelles2010MIC35.57.014 990−9.7594
Spain2010HIC35.323.911 696 404−3.5168 070
Thailand2010MIC41.71.911 435 114−4.1193 863
Trinidad and Tobago2010HIC36.57.3218 082−6.25502
Turkey2010MIC51.917.320 042 442−6.9564 554
Argentina2012MIC32.422.48 081 980−7.7255 217
Brazil2012MIC21.613.124 366 963−10.11 005 852
Brunei Darussalam2012HIC31.82.952 744−3.6768
Bulgaria2012MIC50.328.22 536 885−7.679 015
Congo2012MIC13.01.3164 509−3.72494
Costa Rica2012MIC18.08.6447 159−5.39704
Ecuador2012MIC36.38.22 085 893−6.252 982
Lebanon2012MIC43.233.81 147 973−6.932 333
Mongolia2012MIC48.06.9543 490−7.115 897
Nepal2012LIC35.515.94 637 859−2.140 450
West Bank Gaza Strip2012MIC37.62.6493 130−3.57016
Papua New Guinea2012MIC60.327.01 725 386−1.17953
Venezuela2012MIC25.213.93 849 971−9.2145 413
Bhutan2012MIC8.44.733 898−0.453
Saudi Arabia2012MIC35.05.74 327 936−5.394 423
Madagascar2014LIC28.50.81 851 590−2.518 786
Algeria2014MIC27.11.73 912 141−7.2115 496
Russian Federation2014MIC53.316.140 021 782−12.01 966 933
Jamaica2014MIC22.97.5309 865−10.012 765
Chile2014MIC37.031.04 653 312−12.3234 793
Suriname2014MIC38.49.991 785−11.64369
Israel2010HIC29.017.71 260 990−5.427 845
Turkey2010MIC51.917.320 042 442−6.3518 646
United Arab Emirates2010HIC28.12.4869 701−2.38166
Denmark2012HIC24.724.01 083 898−2.711 961
Kuwait2012HIC38.32.3573 229−2.25262
Panama2012MIC17.33.7256 897−2.12203
USA2012HIC21.517.347 473 906−1.9370 339
Canada2012HIC19.713.84 762 087−2.854 087
El Salvador2012MIC21.52.4471 241−3.97554
Brunei Darussalam2014HIC32.83.757 488−2.4567
Malta2014HIC31.722.294 539−1.8679
Netherlands2014HIC27.025.03 612 517−2.840 953
Mexico2014MIC31.09.917 580 942−5.4390 032
Argentina2014MIC29.415.66 973 994−2.057 442
Egypt2010MIC34.60.79 830 298−5.0201 521
Iran (Islamic Rep of)2010MIC23.21.17 264 822−7.5223 393
Malaysia2010MIC46.53.05 049 124−7.5155 261
Mauritius2010MIC35.95.1204 946−7.56302
Mexico2010MIC30.49.515 944 254−7.5490 286
Peru2010MIC29.49.44 005 220−7.5123 161
Argentina2012MIC32.422.48 081 980−6.0198 817
Bolivia2012MIC37.417.21 684 462−6.041 438
Canada2012HIC19.713.84 607 458−2.037 781
Ecuador2012MIC36.38.22 085 893−4.034 209
El Salvador2012MIC21.52.4557 739−6.013 720
Madagascar2012LIC28.50.81 771 575−4.029 054
Mongolia2012MIC48.06.9543 490−4.08913
Nepal2012LIC35.515.94 637 859−6.0114 091
Niger2012LIC8.71.0394 489−6.09704
Seychelles2012MIC37.26.313 601−6.0335
Sri Lanka2012MIC29.90.42 236 746−8.073 365
Turkey2012MIC47.915.217 719 227−4.0290 595
Ukraine2012MIC50.011.311 285 109−6.0277 614
Singapore2012HIC27.95.0680 766−2.05582
Djibouti2012MIC41.19.2138 205−6.03400
Namibia2014MIC20.95.3182 477−8.05985
Trinidad and Tobago2014HIC33.59.4225 863−4.03704
Philippines2014MIC47.69.018 249 801−8.0598 593
Jamaica2014MIC22.17.2298 645−6.07347
Turkmenistan2014MIC15.50.6289 728−8.09503
Bangladesh2014LIC54.81.330 198 764−6.0742 890
Fiji2014MIC47.014.3191 916−8.06295
Samoa2014MIC34.915.329 710−8.0974
Solomon Islands2014LIC56.126.1134 717−8.04419
Vanuatu2014MIC62.320.263 517−8.02083
Costa Rica2014MIC18.68.5480 467−8.015 759
Viet Nam2014LIC47.41.416 496 877−6.0405 823
Chad2010LIC17.42.9554 625−4.610 375
Colombia2010MIC19.57.44 360 121−10.0178 765
Panama2010MIC17.33.7259 975−12.513 324
Bahrain2012HIC33.47.0133 668−5.12814
Brazil2012MIC21.613.124 366 963−3.4337 677
Ghana2012MIC8.20.4677 277−5.214 440
Libya2012MIC49.60.81 189 377−9.043 742
Maldives2012MIC34.73.443 368−2.0347
Mauritius2012MIC40.33.7216 524−8.57501
Spain2012HIC35.324.611 305 599−3.0138 595
Togo2012LIC12.41.8284 880−6.57592
Turkey2012MIC47.915.217 719 227−13.0944 435
Tuvalu2012MIC54.622.73256−12.4165
Vanuatu2012MIC62.320.260 848−9.02254
Guinea2012LIC23.22.0780 522−1.75408
Suriname2014MIC38.49.991 785−9.83669
Russian Federation2014MIC53.316.140 021 782−10.41 706 529
Kiribati2014MIC74.143.139 692−9.81587
Uruguay2014MIC30.719.8661 202−9.425 374
United Arab Emirates2014HIC28.12.41 736 395−2.920 361
Yemen2014LIC27.410.32 748 789−5.663 000
Nepal2014LIC51.913.35 590 684−10.4238 387
Greece2010HIC48.235.13 827 004−1.117 182
Hungary2010MIC40.527.92 886 051−7.154 741
Israel2010HIC29.017.71 260 990−12.263 275
Latvia2010MIC50.623.7685 437−40.674 204
Lithuania2010MIC48.420.11 012 629−21.457 632
Madagascar2010LIC27.31.81 795 249−11.354 133
Slovenia2010HIC29.021.9438 439−4.47869
Turkey2010MIC51.917.320 042 442−19.61 048 028
Cyprus2012HIC43.916.9211 978−19.617 022
Denmark2012HIC24.724.01 083 898−3.515 517
Montenegro2012MIC36.729.0158 145−19.38144
West Bank Gaza Strip2012MIC37.62.6493 130−19.125 077
Serbia2012MIC42.142.13 402 049−31.4284 301
Seychelles2014MIC37.26.316 059−16.3696
Bangladesh2014LIC54.81.330 198 764−31.72 554 257
Romania2014MIC37.416.74 473 681−13.3159 082
Bosnia and Herzegovina2014MIC46.934.51 332 912−20.974 313
Croatia2014MIC40.934.01 352 633−11.742 243
New Zealand2014HIC19.417.5649 255−10.929 009
Kiribati2014MIC74.143.115 302−14.0571
  • *Estimated using the Abridged SimSmoke and data from MPOWER Reports.

  • HIC, high-income country; LIC, low-income country; MIC, middle-income country.