Table 2

Global and regional smokeless tobacco attributable all-cause and cause-specific mortality and DALY (in thousands) among adults aged ≥30 years in 2010

OutcomeIndicatorAFREMREURSEARAMRWPRGlobal
All causeDeaths30 780 (15 509, 47 180)21 739 (10 988, 33 211)574 705 (192 147, 965 356)13 144 (9289, 16 989)12 126 (6075, 18 700)652 494 (234 008, 1 081 437)
DALYs5676 (2861, 8698)2437 (1235, 3711)36 709 (12 273, 61 662)532 (376, 688)617 (309, 950)45 971 (17 055, 75 710)
All cancerDeaths3422 (1784, 5135)3734 (1954, 5580)87 786 (52 185, 120 079)2515 (180, 5191)3548 (1834, 5369)101 004 (57 937, 141 353)
DALYs187 (98, 280)158 (83, 235)3115 (1852, 4260)57 (4, 118)98 (51, 149)3616 (2087, 5043)
UADT cancersDeaths1884 (797, 3332)2239 (949, 3944)2048 (850, 3719)39 243 (17 375, 62 064)1503 (610, 2815)46 917 (20 580, 75 874)
DALYs61 (26, 107)79 (33, 138)68 (28, 124)1266 (561, 2001)37 (15, 70)1510 (663, 2440)
Stomach cancerDeaths309 (114, 543)287 (107, 497)639 (234, 1129)12 980 (6414, 19 770)120 (7, 245)539 (196, 961)14 873 (7072, 23 145)
DALYs13 (5, 23)11 (4, 20)17 (6, 30)365 (180, 555)2 (0.1, 5)12 (4, 21)420 (200, 654)
Cervical cancerDeaths1085 (667, 1583)107 (65, 158)213 (129, 316)8875 (5697, 12 308)92 (55, 137)211 (130, 308)10 583 (6742, 14 810)
DALYs32 (20, 46)1 (1, 2)11 (7, 17)344 (223, 471)7 (4, 11)21 (14, 29)416 (268, 576)
IHDDeaths894 (359, 1513)2109 (849, 3558)4798 (1509, 8341)875 (350, 1486)8677 (3068, 14 897)
DALYs31 (12, 52)64 (26, 108)95 (30, 165)19 (8, 32)209 (76, 357)
StrokeDeaths5336 (3501, 7268)5107 (3353, 6951)86 016 (34 543, 139 390)2396 (1639, 3201)4235 (2752, 5825)103 090 (45 787, 162 636)
DALYs213 (140, 290)143 (94, 194)1934 (776, 3135)46 (31, 61)81 (53, 111)2417 (1095, 3791)
  • Figures in parenthesis are 95% confidence limits.

  • AFR, African region; AMR, American region; DALY, disability-adjusted life years; EMR, Eastern Mediterranean region; EUR, European region; IHD, ischaemic heart disease; SEAR, South-East Asian region; UADT, upper aerodigestive tract; WPR, Western Pacific region.