Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of 1565 MUH residents in six communities across the USA, 2012

CharacteristicOverall
(n=1565) (%)
Columbia
(n=358) (%)
Charleston
(n=318) (%)
Grand Forks
(n=196) (%)
Bismarck
(n=271) (%)
Fort Collins
(n=227) (%)
Pueblo
(n=195) (%)
p Value
Housing status type
Subsidised housing
market-rate housing
459 (25.8)
1068 (74.2)
109 (25.4)
236 (74.6)
104 (21.5)
210 (78.5)
56 (26.9)
135 (73.1)
56 (26.4)
210 (73.6)
62 (20.4)
162 (79.6)
72 (38.5)
115 (61.5)
Smoking status
Never user
Former user
Current user (every, some days)
731 (48.3)
503 (21.8)
1554 (29.9)
166 (50.0)
107 (16.5)
84 (33.5)
140 (49.5)
98 (22.4)
78 (28.1)
98 (57.5)
51 (19.2)
43 (23.3)
138 (43.3)
96 (25.2)
35 (31.5)
107 (46.5)
87 (25.4)
33 (28.1)
82 (42.4)
64 (24.6)
47 (33.0)
0.02
Child <18 years in household (% yes)197 (16.9)64 (24.9)37 (14.2)24 (11.8)20 (13.1)25 (13.2)27 (21.8)<0.001
Sex (% female)1043 (42.9)238 (39.8)230 (47.2)118 (44.9)184 (43.2)149 (34.8)124 (48.5)0.027
Age (years)
18–24
25–64
65+
68 (30.4)
791 (58.8)
701 (10.8)
11 (32.5)
214 (61.6)
132 (5.9)
10 (30.3)
170 (62.8)
137 (6.9)
14 (26.7)
108 (51.8)
73 (21.5)
13 (30.7)
101 (53.3)
157 (15.9)
5 (38.8)
106 (56.4)
116 (4.8)
15 (20.3)
92 (65.1)
86 (14.6)
<0.001
MUH type
Apartment
Other MUH type
1105 (66.7)
460 (33.3)
271 (73.1)
87 (26.9)
232 (55.3)
86 (44.7)
143 (69.9)
53 (30.1)
187 (64.2)
84 (35.8)
131 (69.2)
96 (30.8)
141 (71.3)
54 (28.7)
<0.001
Race
Non-Hispanic white
Non-Hispanic black
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic, other
Missing
1010 (54.8)
344 (21.4)
125 (15.7)
59 (7.1)
27 (1.0)
127 (27.7)
193 (61.9)
18 (5.3)
11 (3.6)
9 (1.4)
163 (42.6)
138 (30.3)
4 (21.8)
10 (5.6)
3 (0.0)
166 (88.3)
8 (7.1)
1 (1.0)
17 (2.0)
4 (1.5)
248 (75.6)
0 (0.0)
7 (1.1)
12 (22.6)
4 (0.7)
203 (68.0)
1 (0.9)
13 (24.1)
6 (6.1)
4 (0.9)
103 (47.2)
4 (1.0)
82 (49.7)
3 (1.0)
3 (1.0)
<0.001
Education
Less than high school
High school grad/GED
Some college/tech school
College/tech school grad
Graduate or professional school
156 (8.8)
436 (31.3)
344 (24.3)
414 (25.7)
205 (10.0)
46 (11.2)
88 (28.1)
84 (23.6)
104 (29.5)
34 (7.6)
44 (7.3)
81 (31.2)
68 (29.7)
81 (21.1)
41 (10.7)
11 (3.6)
62 (33.8)
40 (26.7)
53 (22.1)
28 (13.8)
32 (14.6)
89 (29.9)
54 (20.1)
67 (26.9)
26 (8.6)
7 (4.4)
43 (24.7)
51 (19.4)
70 (37.4)
56 (14.1)
16 (8.7)
73 (44.6)
47 (26.2)
39 (14.4)
20 (6.2)
<0.001
Annual household income
≤$29 999
$30 000–$59 999
≥$60 000
Do not know or missing
838 (49.0)
341 (30.0)
155 (11.3)
231 (9.6)
199 (57.0)
96 (27.9)
24 (5.6)
39 (9.5)
172 (40.7)
62 (33.1)
33 (15.1)
51 (11.0)
98 (52.6)
48 (25.0)
21 (9.2)
29 (13.3)
147 (55.0)
56 (21.8)
29 (17.7)
39 (5.5)
96 (23.3)
51 (53.7)
40 (15.4)
40 (7.5)
126 (65.6)
28 (17.9)
8 (4.1)
33 (12.3)
<0.001
  • n represent unweighted distributions; percentages are weighted to the age, race and gender within each community. The number of respondents in each category may not add up to column totals due to missing data (except for ‘annual household income’ and ‘race’ that include a category for missing data).

  • p Values compare the proportion of each characteristic present by community using χ2 analysis (completed on weighted data). p Values <0.05 are considered statistically significant.

  • GED, General Educational Development.