Table 3

Indirect costs of tobacco smoking and smokeless tobacco (ST)-related cancers in US$

Type of cancerAbsenteeism costCost due to premature mortalityTotal Indirect cost
Smoking
Lip, oral, cavity, pharynx7 637 8549 837 83417 475 688
Oesophagus1 830 6034 111 4585 942 062
Stomach305 3451 340 7601 646 106
Pancreas125 017469 784594 802
Larynx2 653 97302 653 973
Trachea, lung, bronchus6 533 59215 777 82222 311 414
Cervix, uterine26719503621
Urinary bladder1 315 914983 0932 299 007
Kidney and renal pelvis155 7180155 718
Breast110 94612 397123 343
Liver158 9003 02 492461 392
Colorectal336 092332 995669 087
Total indirect cost for smoking21 166 62833 169 58754 336 215
ST
Lip, oral, cavity, pharynx7 861 8889 602 39417 464 282
Oesophagus3 012 4944 203 9257 216 419
Total indirect cost for ST10 874 38213 806 31924 680 701