Table 5

Associations between retailer characteristics and ex-selling (vs current selling) of cigarettes (n=810)

CharacteristicEx-sellers/ (current and ex-sellers) n/N (%)OR for ex-selling (vs current selling)
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR* (95% CI)
All retailers with known current/ex-sell status 147/810 (18.1)
Outlet type
 Hotel68/351 (19.4) Ref. Ref.
 Club68/243 (28.0)1.62 (1.10 to 2.38)3.34 (1.94 to 5.75)
 Bottle-shop – corporate owned chain1/87 (1.1)0.05 (0.01 to 0.35)0.03 (0.00 to 0.20)
 Bottle-shop – independent/franchisee owned8/70 (11.4)0.54 (0.25 to 1.17)0.27 (0.11 to 0.71)
 Supermarket/general store – corporate owned chain0/1 (0.0) n/a† n/a†
 Supermarket/general store – independent/franchisee owned2/56 (3.6)0.15 (0.04 to 0.65)0.06 (0.01 to 0.29)
 Other0/2 (0.0) n/a† n/a†
 P value‡<0.001 <0.001
Extended trading hours
 No112/576 (19.4) Ref. Ref.
 Yes35/234 (15.0)0.72 (0.48 to 1.10)1.03 (0.62 to 1.73)
 P value‡0.126 0.903
Number of gaming machines
 033/270 (12.2) Ref. Ref.
 1–1051/149 (34.2)3.69 (2.24 to 6.07)0.68 (0.35 to 1.32)
 11–2036/173 (20.8)1.86 (1.11 to 3.13)0.30 (0.15 to 0.61)
 21+27/218 (12.4)1.00 (0.58 to 1.73)0.12 (0.05 to 0.25)
 P value‡<0.001 <0.001
 P trend‡0.688 <0.001
Remoteness
 Major cities47/401 (11.7) Ref. Ref.
 Inner regional57/239 (23.8)2.34 (1.53 to 3.58)1.77 (1.11 to 2.83)
 Outer regional, remote and very remote43/170 (25.3)2.53 (1.60 to 4.01)1.37 (0.81 to 2.32)
 P value‡<0.001 0.057
  • Note that non-sellers were not asked their staff numbers, distance to the nearest seller or selling method, so those variables could not be included in the selling/not selling model.

  • *Adjusted for outlet type, extended trading hours, number of gaming machines and remoteness.

  • †Excluded from regression analyses due to insufficient data.

  • ‡Adjusted effect estimates and P values are for models with categorical variables only. ‘P trend’ shows that a continuous/ordinal relationship has been tested.