Table 4

Perceived importance of cigarette sales: difference in mean importance scores according to seller characteristics (n=599)

CharacteristicN (%)Mean scoreDifference in mean importance scores (95% CI)
Unadjusted mean differenceAdjusted mean difference*
All known sellers with an importance score599 (100)3.92
Outlet type
 Hotel252 (42.1)3.95 Ref. Ref.
 Club155 (25.9)3.46−0.48 (−0.86 to 0.11)−1.12 (−1.64 to –0.61)
 Bottle-shop – corporate owned chain†79 (13.2)3.34−0.61 (−1.08 to 0.13)−0.16 (−1.00 to 0.69)
 Bottle-shop – independent/franchisee owned‡59 (9.8)4.220.27 (−0.26 to 0.80)0.51 (−0.33 to 1.36)
 Supermarket/general store – corporate owned chain§1 (0.2)3.00 n/a¶ n/a¶
 Supermarket/general store – independent/franchisee owned**51 (8.5)5.671.72 (1.16 to 2.28)1.42 (0.58 to  2.27)
 Other††2 (0.3)5.50 n/a¶ n/a¶
 P value‡‡ <0.001 <0.001
 Extended trading hours
 No424 (70.8)3.92 Ref. Ref.
 Yes175 (29.2)3.920.01 (−0.34 to 0.35)−0.13 (−0.53 to  0.26)
 P value‡‡0.975 0.507
Number of gaming machines
 0222 (37.1)4.23 Ref. Ref.
 1–1091 (15.2)3.65−0.58 (−1.06 to 0.10)−0.19 (−0.97 to  0.60)
 11–20123 (20.5)3.60−0.63 (−1.06, to 0.20)0.10 (−0.73 to  0.93)
 21+163 (27.2)3.88−0.34 (−0.74 to  0.05)0.61 (−0.28 to  1.50)
 P value‡‡0.014 0.065
 P trend‡‡0.045 0.027
Remoteness
 Major cities317 (52.9)3.76 Ref. Ref.
 Inner regional165 (27.5)4.100.35 (−0.02 to 0.72)0.13 (−0.24 to 0.51)
 Outer regional, remote and very remote117 (19.5)4.110.36 (−0.05 to 0.78)0.26 (−0.20 to 0.71)
 P value0.087 0.523
Number of staff
 1–497 (16.2)4.16 Ref. Ref.
 5–19300 (50.1)3.74−0.40 (−0.85 to 0.05)0.05 (−0.41 to 0.52)
 20–99177 (29.5)4.06−0.07 (−0.56 to 0.41)0.31 (−0.25 to 0.87)
 100+25 (4.2)4.120.03 (−0.85 to 0.91)0.68 (−0.19 to 1.56)
P value‡‡0.170 0.293
P trend‡‡0.344 0.082
Distance to nearest cigarette retailer
 Less than 100 m248 (41.4)3.58 Ref. Ref.
 100–199 m47 (7.8)3.600.01 (−0.58 to 0.61)0.15 (−0.44 to 0.75)
 200–499 m102 (17.0)3.860.28 (−0.16 to 0.72)0.60 (0.14 to 1.05)
 500–999 m80 (13.4)4.280.66 (0.17 to 1.14)0.95 (0.45 to 1.45)
 1000 m (1 km) or more118 (19.7)4.641.06 (0.64 to 1.48)1.00 (0.53 to 1.46)
 Don’t know/can’t say4 (0.7)1.75−1.83 (−3.72 to 0.06)−0.83 (−2.68 to 1.02)
 P value‡‡<0.001 <0.001
 P trend‡‡<0.001 <0.001
  • *Adjusted for outlet type, extended trading hours, number of gaming machines, remoteness, number of staff and distance to nearest seller.

  • †Liquorland (n=32), First Choice Liquor (n=2), BWS (n=37), Vintage Cellars (n=6) and Woolworths Liquor (n=2).

  • ‡Cellarbrations (n=3), Porter’s (n=3) and other independently owned bottle-shops (n=53).

  • §Supabarn (n=1).

  • ¶Excluded from regression analyses due to insufficient data.

  • **IGA (n=16), Foodworks (n=1), Friendly Grocer (n=1) and other independently owned stores (n=33).

  • ††Includes one self-classified ‘restaurant’ and one ‘tobacco retailer’.

  • ‡‡Adjusted effect estimates and P values are for models with categorical variables only. ‘P trend’ shows that a continuous/ordinal relationship has been tested.

  • § **Supermarkets/general stores include supermarkets, general stores, convenience stores and petrol stations that sell liquor and food/grocery items from a common sales counter.