Table 1

Operational definitions for possible predictors of selling, stopping selling and importance of selling cigarette sales

VariableNotes
Licence type
  ClubRefers to a member based organisation (a ‘registered club’), where alcohol (for consumption on the premises) and other services are available to members, their guests and visitors. May have gaming machines.
  HotelRefers to a licence available to accommodation hotels, ‘pubs’ and ‘bars’. Alcohol may be sold for consumption on the premises and also to take away. May have gaming machines.
 Packaged liquor outletsThis licence allows alcohol to be sold through a bottle-shop (liquor store), supermarket, grocery store, home delivery, mail order or the internet, for consumption off the premises only. Bottle-shops and supermarkets may be independent/franchisee outlets or part of a corporate owned (not franchised) chain.
Extended hours licenceFor clubs and hotels, refers to the ability to sell alcohol outside 05:00 to midnight Monday to Saturday, and 10:00–22:00 on Sundays (with some exceptions relating to public holidays and particular licence types).32 For packaged liquor outlets, this licence allows sales on a Sunday morning (beyond the standard closing time of 23:00 Monday–Sat and 22:00pm Sunday).
Number of gaming machinesRelevant for club and hotel licences only. Number obtained from licence details, with categories for models chosen to provide reasonably balanced groups subject to the constraint that most outlets had no gaming machines.
RemotenessCalculated using the Australian Bureau of Statistics Postcode to Remoteness Areas correspondence.33
Number of staff*Proxy for turnover. Categorical groupings shown in models were based on survey categories (chosen to reflect expected variations in size).
Distance to nearest cigarette retailer*Proxy for availability of substitute retailers. Categorical groupings shown in models were based on survey categories (chosen to reflect expected variations in distance).
  • *These questions only asked to current sellers, so these are not included in models predicting stopping selling and importance of cigarette sales.