Table 3

Associations between retailer characteristics and selling cigarettes (n=1042)

CharacteristicSellers n/N (%)OR for selling (vs not selling)
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR* (95% CI)
All retailers with known sell status 663/1042 (63.6)
Retailer type
 Hotel283/434 (65.2)Ref.Ref.
 Club175/309 (56.6)0.70 (0.52 to 0.94)0.37 (0.24 to  0.57)
 Bottle-shop – corporate owned chain†86/90 (95.6)11.47 (4.13 to 31.89)44.52 (14.81 to 133.86)
 Bottle-shop – independent/franchisee owned‡62/118 (52.5)0.59 (0.39 to 0.89)2.25 (1.25 to 4.03)
 Supermarket/general store – corporate owned chain§1/30 (3.3)0.02 (0.00 to 0.14)0.07 (0.01 to 0.56)
 Supermarket/general store – independent/franchisee owned¶54/59 (91.5)5.76 (2.26 to 14.72)21.48 (7.74 to 59.56)
 Other**2/2 (100.0)n/a††n/a††
 P value‡‡ <0.001 <0.001
Extended trading hours
 No464/758 (61.2)Ref.Ref.
 Yes199/284 (70.1)1.49 (1.11 to 2.00)0.89 (0.60 to 1.32)
 P value‡‡ 0.008 0.557
Number of gaming machines
 0237/411 (57.7)Ref.Ref.
 1–1098/183 (53.6)0.85 (0.60 to 1.21)2.92 (1.74 to 4.91)
 11–20137/202 (67.8)1.56 (1.09 to 2.22)6.75 (3.94 to 11.55)
 21+191/246 (77.6)2.57 (1.80 to 3.68)14.23 (8.03 to 25.20)
 P value‡‡ <0.001 <0.001
 P trend‡‡ <0.001 <0.001
Remoteness§§
 Major cities354/544 (65.1)Ref.Ref.
 Inner regional182/293 (62.1)0.89 (0.66 to 1.19)0.94 (0.67 to  1.33)
 Outer regional, remote and very remote127/205 (62.0)0.88 (0.63 to  1.23)1.26 (0.84 to  1.89)
 P value‡‡ 0.625 0.360
  • Note that non-sellers were not asked their staff numbers, distance to the nearest seller or selling method, so those variables could not be included in the selling/not selling model.

  • *Adjusted for outlet type, extended trading hours, number of gaming machines and remoteness.

  • †Includes Liquorland (n=36), First Choice Liquor (n=2), BWS (n=42), Vintage Cellars (n=7), Dan Murphy’s (n=1) and Woolworths Liquor (n=2).

  • ‡Cellarbrations (n=3), Porter’s (n=3) and other independently owned bottle-shops (n=112).

  • §Aldi (n=29) and Supabarn (n=1); other major supermarkets in Australia do sell tobacco but sell alcohol through alcohol-licenced outlets captured elsewhere in the results (as bottle-shops), so their supermarkets were not included in the study.

  • ¶IGA (n=18), Foodworks (n=1), Friendly Grocer (n=1) and other independently owned stores (n=39).

  • **Includes one self-classified ‘restaurant' and one ‘tobacco retailer’.

  • ††Excluded from regression analyses due to insufficient data.

  • ‡‡Adjusted effect estimates and P values are for models with categorical variables only. ‘P-trend’ shows that a continuous/ordinal relationship has been tested.

  • §§Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics classifications.33