Table 1

Average production, costs, price and income

Independent farmersContract farmers
kgsacrekgsacre
Average leaf production822.721320.7
Average tobacco sales765.061075.97
Average price (US$/kg)1.321.49
US$/kg US$/acre US$/kg US$/acre
Average income1.68807.431.37749.52
Non-labour costs US$/kg US$/acre US$/kg US$/acre
Input costs0.83257.310.82321.93
Levy0.177.260.9639.02
Transport0.2410.240.0313.33
Interest1.53
Total non-labour costs 1.24  274.81 1.81 375.81
Labour hours637.892.63476.212.19
Labour costs US$/kg US$/acre US$/kg US$/acre
Hired labour0.25109.950.29117.08
Household members0.56338.720.35252.87
Total labour costs 0.81 448.67 0.64 369.95