Table 2

Characteristics of the population and density of recreational facilities associated with tobacco stores according to their proximity to schools

Characteristics of the population associated with tobacco stores classified by their distance to closest school
Less than 150 m to a school (n=169 tobacco stores)Closest school between 150 and 300 m (n=307 tobacco stores)No school closer than 300 m (n=162 tobacco stores)P values*
Total population served (units), n (%)891 584 (28.2)†1 497 001 (47.3%)†777 545 (24.5) 0.326
Age (years) (per cent of total residents for each group of stores)
Educational level (per cent of total residents older than 25 for each group of stores)
 Less than elementary and elementary44.
Density of recreational venues (number recreational facilities per 1000 inhabitants)3.0 (0.2–58.7)3.3 (0–79.4)3.4 (0–47.6)0.439
  • *P values estimated through a Kruskal-Wallis test with a significance level of 95%.

  • †Percentages estimated respect the total population of Madrid: 3 166 130 inhabitants (data from 2014).