Table 1

Short-term impact of MPOWER tobacco control interventions

Description of interventionEffect sizes from the literature (%)Implementation status – China*Applied effect sizes for China† (%)
 Smoke-free air laws10.0‡110.0±25
 Cessation support8.0‡34.0±25
 Health warnings5.0‡22.5±25
 Mass media campaigns8.0‡4Not applicable
 Bans on advertising4.0‡32.0±25
  • *WHO (2018).

  • †Authors estimate based on WHO scores for implementation of MPOWER in China for 2017 (where score 1=100% of the effect size; score 2 or 3=50% of effect size; 4=not applicable).

  • ‡Levy et al (2018).8 9

  • §NCI (2016).

  • ¶Authors estimate based on findings in NCI (2016), Liu (2015)20 and Bishop (2015).