Table 1

Reference to indigenous or ethnicity in FCTC Global Progress Reports by year

Year*Indigenous reference and data
2007No references, no data in FCTC reports.
2008No references, no data in FCTC reports.
2009No references, no data in FCTC reports.
2010Reference to disparities in smoking prevalence by ethnicity in New Zealand, which ranged between 12% and 45% (p. 46). The 45% smoking prevalence referred to the Māori daily smoking rate.
2012References to indigenous peoples for Australia, New Zealand, Ecuador, Guatemala and Paraguay, including reporting smoking prevalence compared with the general population. Use of the term ‘ethnicity’ was recognised as being inconsistently applied across Parties.
2014References to ‘indigenous’ were limited to Australia in relation to a programme for indigenous (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people) populations and New Zealand indigenous (Māori) females having higher smoking prevalence than males. Use of the term ‘ethnicity’ was inconsistently applied across parties.
There was also reference to higher smoking in ‘specific ethnic groups’ in Australia, Benin, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, New Zealand, Singapore and Spain.
2016No references to ‘indigenous’ groups.
Thirty-four FCTC parties (26%) indicated they had data for commercial tobacco use by ethnic groups.
  • *Progress reporting moved from annual to biennial after 2010.

  • FCTC, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.