Table 1

Nicotine levels in the pod products and urine cotinine concentrations detected in 22 surveyed patients (aged 13–21 years) who reported pods use within 7 days prior to the clinic visit

Brand name of pod systemNumber of patients who reported using the pod product
(single brand/in combination with other pod products)
Nicotine concentration in a pod
(mg/mL)
Nicotine yields in 10 puffs (mg)Type of nicotine saltMedian urinary cotinine concentration in exclusive users (ng/mL)
Juul10/656.20.83Benzoate135.1
Bo3/637.90.85Levulinate508.4
Phix2/348.00.77Benzoate906.4
Sourin (refilled with BlowSauce e-liquid)0/221.80.26BenzoateN/A*
  • *All users of Sourin brand reported using multiple products.