Table 2

Marginal effects of probit models of the decision to smoke illicit cigarettes (reference: smoking licit cigarettes)

Variables(1)(2)
Age−0.001 (0.004)
Age squared0.000 (0.000)
Sex (reference male)−0.026 (0.021)−0.027 (0.02)
Age initiation0.000 (0.005)
Age initiation squared0.000 (0.000)
Years smoking0.001 (0.002)
Years smoking sqared0.000 (0.000)
Preference taste (reference: less harmful)0.028 (0.023)0.028 (0.023)
Preference price (reference: less harmful)0.236*** (0.047)0.235*** (0.045)
Primary incomplete (reference: some college)0.114** (0.052)0.115** (0.052)
Secondary incomplete (reference: some college)0.11*** (0.029)0.112*** (0.03)
Secondary complete (reference: some college)0.057** (0.027)0.058** (0.027)
Number of cigarettes smoked per day0.004*** (0.002)0.004*** (0.002)
Employed (reference: inactive/unemployed)−0.059*** (0.016)−0.063*** (0.018)
Observations810810
Pseudo R2 0.2800.279
  • Robust standard errors in parentheses .

  • ***P<0.01, **p<0.05, *p<0.1.