Table 2

Mean flavour preferences and perceptions by WPT use among pregnant women (N=58)

FruitMenthol/MintCandyChocolateOther SweetsAlcoholCoffeeOther beveragesSpiceTobacco
Preferences
 Liking
  All5.525.003.752.693.452.862.072.832.242.19
  WPT-only5.31 5.62* 3.312.383.002.921.732.772.382.19
  Dual/poly5.69 4.50* 4.092.943.812.812.342.882.132.19
 Attractiveness
  All5.094.663.552.623.312.782.142.882.212.16
  WPT-only4.88 5.38* 3.312.352.812.881.772.812.312.35
  Dual/poly5.25 4.06* 3.752.843.722.692.442.942.132.00
 Pleasant
  All5.034.783.592.593.312.812.053.002.162.03
  WPT-only4.81 5.42* 3.192.192.732.771.652.812.352.23
  Dual/poly5.22 4.25* 3.912.913.782.842.383.162.001.88
 Interest
  All4.934.743.532.483.262.621.932.912.071.98
  WPT-only4.65 5.38* 3.192.002.922.651.652.882.152.12
  Dual/poly5.16 4.22* 3.812.883.532.592.162.942.001.88
Perceptions
 General harm
  All4.915.034.914.984.915.225.094.935.055.29
  WPT-only4.854.854.925.124.925.195.194.964.925.54
  Dual/poly4.975.194.914.884.915.255.004.915.165.09
 Pregnancy harm
  All6.176.216.126.146.126.366.266.196.176.36
  WPT-only6.276.316.276.276.276.546.466.386.276.54
  Dual/poly6.096.136.006.036.006.226.096.036.096.22
 Fetal harm
  All6.176.216.196.176.196.286.196.226.216.28
  WPT-only6.356.426.356.316.316.466.316.386.386.46
  Dual/poly6.036.036.066.066.096.136.096.096.066.13
  • Use groups are based on WPT use regardless of flavour (n=26 WPT-only users; n=32 dual/poly WPT users). Preferences and perceptions were rated on a 1–7 scale with higher values indicating greater flavour preference or greater perceptions of the harmfulness. Bold font indicates statistically significant differences between WPT-only and dual/poly WPT users by Wilcoxon test.

  • *P≤0.05.

  • WPT, waterpipe tobacco.