Table 4

Associations between menthol smoking status prior to menthol ban and postban quit attempt in Ontario, Canada, using Poisson regression with robust variance estimation stratified by sex, age group and race and daily/non-daily smoking, 2016–2018

Menthol useRR (95% CI)
Female†
N=516
Male†
N=374
Age <30‡†
N=140
Age ≥30‡
N=756
Non-white§
N=148
White§
N=748
Daily¶
N=807
Non-daily¶
N=89
No menthol1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
Occasional1.16 (0.91 to 1.49)1 (0.78 to 1.29)0.65 (0.40 to 1.08)1.15 (0.96 to 1.38)0.87 (0.57 to 1.34)1.13 (0.93 to 1.36)1.13 (0.93 to 1.37)0.92 (0.75 to 1.14)
Daily use1.27 (0.98 to 1.65)1.2 (0.91 to 1.57)0.88 (0.48 to 1.61)1.25* (1.03 to 1.53)1.07 (0.67 to 1.72)1.26* (1.03 to 1.55)1.27* (1.04 to 1.54)
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • †Analyses controlling for age, race, education, survey source, cigarettes smoked per day, daily or non-daily smoking, use of cigars or e-cigarettes since the ban and number of days between the menthol ban and the follow-up survey.

  • ‡Analyses controlling for age, sex, race, education, survey source, cigarettes smoked per day, daily or non-daily smoking, use of cigars or e-cigarettes since the ban and number of days between the menthol ban and the follow-up survey.

  • §Analyses controlling for age, sex, education, survey source, cigarettes smoked per day, daily or non-daily smoking, use of cigars or e-cigarettes since the ban and number of days between the menthol ban and the follow-up survey.

  • ¶Analyses controlling for age, sex, race, education, survey source, cigarettes smoked per day, use of cigars or e-cigarettes since the ban and number of days between the menthol ban and the follow-up survey.

  • RR, relative rate.