Table 1

Relative risk of death for male current and former smokers by cause of death, based on US Cancer Prevention Study II data from 1982 to 1988*

Cause of deathICD-10
code
Currently
smoke
Previously
smoked
Neoplasms
Lip, oral cavity, pharynxC00–C1410.893.40
OesophagusC156.764.46
StomachC161.961.47
PancreasC252.311.15
LarynxC3214.606.34
Trachea, lung, bronchusC33–C3423.268.70
Urinary bladderC673.272.09
Kidney, other urinaryC64–C652.721.73
Acute myeloid leukaemiaC92.01.861.33
Cardiovascular disease
HypertensionI10-I151.851.32
Ischaemic heart diseaseI20–I25
 35–64 years2.801.64
 65+ years1.511.21
Other heart diseaseI00–I09, I26–I511.781.22
Cerebrovascular diseaseI60–I69
 35–64 years3.271.04
 65+ years1.631.04
AtherosclerosisI702.441.33
Aortic aneurysmI716.213.07
Other arterial diseasesI72–I782.071.01
Respiratory diseases
Respiratory tuberculosisA16-A191.991.56
Pneumonia, influenzaJ10–J181.751.36
Bronchitis, emphysemaJ40–J42, J4317.1015.64
AsthmaJ45-J461.991.56
Chronic airways obstructionJ4410.586.80
  • Among adults aged 35 years and older.

  • Source: Data are based on the 6 year follow-up of the Cancer Prevention Study (CPS) II 1982-19881 except for hypertension, respiratory TB and asthma, which are based on the 4 year follow-up of the CPS-II study (1982-1986).17

  • *Data are based on the 6-year follow-up of the Cancer Prevention Study.