Table 1

Descriptive statistics of variables used in the first-stage regression

Obs.MeanStd dev.MinMax
Unit value, cigarettes24 14381.3427.3014.17208.88
Budget share, cigarettes61 8890.030.050.000.51
Total expenditure61 8893.252.070.0814.26
Household size61 8892.911.65120
Male ratio61 8890.460.2801
Adult ratio61 8890.920.160.141
Mean education61 88910.342.84220
Maximum education61 88911.483.13220
Rural settlements61 8890.590.4901
Household type
 Employed61 8890.620.4901
 Self-employed61 8890.130.3401
 Pensioners61 8890.340.4801
 Unemployed61 8890.040.2001
  • Authors’ calculation based on the Household Budget Survey data.