Table 1

Associations between median cigarette pack prices and price differentials with population-weighted cigarette consumption per capita in 23 European countries 2004–2014

β (95% CI)
Median cigarette price (per €1 increase)
Within year113.0 (−225.7 to −0.2)
1 year lag−49.5 (−164.1 to 65.1)
Price differential between median and minimum cigarette price (per 10% increase)
Within year6.4 (−40.0 to 52.6)
1 year lag 67.6 (25.8 to 109.5)
Unemployment (per 1% increase)41.5 (−53.0 to −30.1)
Time (annual)29.5 (−46.8 to −12.1)
  • Coefficients with p≤0.05 are shown in bold.

  • GDP, gross domestic product.