Table 4

Own-price and cross-price elasticity of MC and RYO prevalence (biprobit model)

Model 1†Model 2†
Mean price modelMedian price modelMean price modelMedian price model
Probability of smoking MC (outcome 2)‡MC price−0.492**(0.243)−0.437**(0.182)−0.605**(0.254)−0.504**(0.215)
RYO price0.237(0.210)0.052(0.129)0.190(0.176)0.024(0.116)
Probability of smoking RYO
(outcome 3)§
MC price1.102*(0.598)0.850(0.602)1.365**(0.540)1.034*(0.541)
RYO price−0.260(0.509)0.098(0.399)−0.150(0.496)0.159(0.367)
Bivariate correlation−0.202***(0.047)−0.204***(0.046)−0.200***(0.047)−0.202***(0.046)
Sociodemographic covariates¶xxxx
Anti-smoking sentimentxxxx
Smoking restrictionsxx
  • Source: authors’ calculation based on the 2019 STC-SEE data.

  • *** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1.

  • †Model 1 includes control only for s-regional level for anti-smoking sentiment, while model 2 includes controls for both s-regional level for anti-smoking sentiment and restriction levels.

  • ‡Coefficients for outcome 2 indicate the per cent change in probability of smoking only MC (compared with all other outcomes) resulting from the per cent change in MC and RYO prices.

  • §Coefficients for outcome 3 indicate the per cent change in probability of smoking only RYO (compared with all other outcomes) resulting from the per cent change in MC and RYO prices.

  • ¶Sociodemographic controls include the following characteristics: age (and its square), gender, education, labour market status, household size and personal income category.

  • MC, manufactured cigarette; RYO, roll-your-own; STC-SEE, Survey on Tobacco Consumption in Southeastern European countries.