Table 1

Advantages of tobacco control policies that raise cigarette prices

Factors for assessing pricing policiesLarge increases in excise dutyLarge increase in duty plus harmonisation (across products and places)Minimum pricingMinimum excise taxBan on price promotionThree policies combinedThree policies plus harmonisation
Administrative simplicity and ease of implementation and enforcement✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓
Reduced capacity for industry price manipulation✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓
Effectiveness in reducing availability of very cheap products✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓
Additional revenue for government which can be directed to cessation services for low-income smokers✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓
Overall potential effectiveness in reducing inequities between low and high-income groups✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓
Overall potential effectiveness in reducing smoking✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓✓
  • ✓=slightly addresses this issue; ✓✓=moderately addresses; ✓✓✓=strongly addresses.