Table 3

Direct cost of smoking-attributable diseases in Indonesia in 2019 (Rp billion) for the total population, by using different RRs

Age group (years)BPJS-K (SSAH)OOPTotal
Inpatient and referral treatmentOutpatientUncovered medical cost by BPJS-KHealth treatment*TransportationRp billionPercentage (%)
RR IndiaRR USARR IndiaRR USARR IndiaRR USARR IndiaRR USARR IndiaRR USARR IndiaRR USARR IndiaRR USA
0–197832323941355813375020624410141.43.7
20–29313962136441561814501456237766119230866.711.2
30–399041291314466140209101015014947332862420016.015.2
40–49153219453164088611091911815667283419437219.115.8
50–592688365826335980110106514465136994609627225.722.7
60–6926703455163211445783810822993874013519122.418.8
70+1021181389158152737166186157158228168.810.2
Total 920613 44613032136 434 749 473376642245367417 92227 670 100 100
  • Source: authors’ calculation.

  • *Included inpatient, outpatient and medicine additional expenditure.

  • BPJS-K, Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial Kesehatan; OOP, out of pocket; RR, relative risk; SSAH, Social Security Agency for Health.