Table 1

Comparison of Article 5.3 codification across four low-and middle-income country (LMIC) contexts

UgandaEthiopiaIndiaKarnataka state
RulesLimit interactions
Reject partnership/non-binding agreements
Avoid conflicts of interest
Transparent industry information
Denormalise CSR
No preferential treatment
Treat state-owned industry the same
Whole-of-government applicability
Policy toolsTransparency of interactions
Guidelines on necessary interaction
Code of conduct
Information disclosure by industry
Raise awareness
Removal of tax exemptions
Multisectoral coordination mechanisms
  • Embedded Image, broad consistency; Embedded Image, limited provision; Embedded Image, omitted.

  • CSR, corporate social responsibility.