Table 2

Characteristics of tobacco products sold near schools, by city, school type and city characteristics

Cigarette retailers selling flavoured productsE-cigarette retailers selling flavoured products*
nFlavoured products (%)Menthol/mint† (%)Capsule beads† (%)nFruit (%)Menthol (%)Food/beverage (%)Candy (%)Tobacco (%)
Total161263.288.655.66086.770.050.035.013.3
By city
 Shanghai14184.499.269.712100.091.766.733.316.7
 Beijing10793.599.027.03100.066.70.00.00.0
 Guangzhou, Guangdong19436.697.229.61883.344.494.472.216.7
 Chongqing58953.171.276.02075.075.010.010.010.0
 Shenyang, Liaoning13592.699.224.8
 Jinan, Shandong11092.789.283.32100.0100.00.0100.00.0
 Kunming, Yunnan16141.6100.07.5
 Guilin, Guangxi6043.376.957.74100.0100.075.00.025.0
 Kaifeng, Henan8281.794.091.01100.00.00.00.00.0
 Baiyin, Gansu3387.9100.03.4
 χ2 (p value)<0.001<0.001<0.001N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
By urban/rural
 Urban (0–100 m)109266.788.952.55687.567.953.635.714.3
 Rural (0–250 m)52056.088.063.6475.0100.00.025.00.0
 χ2 (p value)<0.0010.680.020.480.180.040.660.42
By school type
 Junior high schools77361.389.253.82588.068.048.044.012.0
 Senior high schools59764.088.558.42684.669.250.030.811.5
 Vocational senior high schools24267.487.154.6988.977.855.622.222.2
 χ2 (p value)0.540.770.170.920.860.930.420.70
By geographical location
 Central (Kaifeng)8281.794.091.01100.00.00.00.00.0
 East (Shanghai, Jinan)25188.094.676.014100.092.957.142.914.3
 North (Beijing)10793.599.027.03100.066.70.00.00.0
 Northeast (Shenyang)13592.699.224.8
 Northwest (Baiyin)3387.9100.03.4
 South (Guangzhou)19436.697.229.61883.344.494.472.216.7
 Southwest (Chongqing, Kunming, Guilin)81050.176.463.52479.279.220.88.312.5
 χ2 (p value)<0.001<0.001<0.001N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
By city population
 <5 million people (Kaifeng, Baiyin)11583.595.864.61100.00.00.00.00.0
 5–10 million people (Shenyang, Jinan, Kunming, Guilin)46668.794.442.56100.0100.050.033.316.7
 >10 million people (Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Chongqing)103158.5%84.461.25384.967.950.935.813.2
 χ2 (p value)<0.001<0.0010.05N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
By economic development type
 Less developed cities (Chongqing, Shenyang, Kunming, Guilin, Kaifeng, Baiyin)106059.283.956.02580.076.020.08.012.0
 Developed cities (Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Jinan)55271.096.255.13591.465.771.454.314.3
 χ2 (p value)<0.001<0.001<0.0010.200.39<0.001<0.0010.80
  • *Examples of flavours are fruits: mango, orange, banana, etc; food: cookie, chips, yoghurt, green tea, etc; and candy: chocolate, bubblegum, etc.

  • †Percentage of retailers selling flavoured cigarettes.

  • N/A, not applicable.