Table 2

Demographic characteristics and smokeless tobacco (SLT) use of focus group study participants (n=193) by tobacco use status

Current SLT users* (N=97)Never tobacco users (N=96)
n (%)n (%)
Age, years
 18–205 (5.2)31 (32.3)
 21–3550 (51.5)65 (67.7)
 36–5029 (29.9)0 (0.0)
 ≥ 5113 (13.4)0 (0.0)
Gender
 Men48 (49.5)48 (50.0)
 Women49 (50.5)48 (50.0)
Highest level of education
 Primary school56 (57.7)15 (15.6)
 Secondary school/high school27 (27.8)45 (46.9)
 College/university6 (6.2)28 (29.2)
 Postgraduate school1 (1.0)7 (7.3)
 No formal schooling7 (7.2)1 (1.0)
Occupation
 Homemaker/housework38 (39.2)29 (30.2)
 Business16 (16.5)11 (11.5)
 Daily labourer14 (14.4)1 (1.0)
 Self-employed9 (9.3)7 (7.3)
 Farming7 (7.2)4 (4.2)
 Government employee4 (4.1)1 (1.0)
 Industrial worker4 (4.1)6 (6.3)
 Student4 (4.1)34 (35.4)
 Agricultural worker1 (1.0)0 (0.0)
 Unemployed0 (0)3 (3.1)
SLT use
Zordha use
 Daily72 (74.2)
 Non-daily15 (15.5)
Gul use
 Daily17 (17.5)
 Non-daily3 (3.1)
Other SLT product use†
 Daily6 (6.2)
 Non-daily0 (0.0)
  • *Current SLT use defined as the use of zordha and/or gul in the past 30 days.

  • †Other SLT products include sada pata, khoinee, pan masala, etc.