Table 5

Output, income and employment multipliers for the cigarettes sector in Indonesia

OutputIncomeEmployment*
Initial effect1.000.193.00
Direct effect0.370.062.00
Indirect effect0.260.041.00
Type I multiplier1.630.296.00
Consumption-induced effect0.680.113.00
Type II multiplier2.310.409.00
  • Source: Authors’ calculations.

  • *To produce output of Rp1 billion.